Aboard the Calypso: Jacques Cousteau and Ocean Conservation

Aboard the Calypso: Jacques Cousteau and Ocean Conservation
Hillary Clinton: Economics, Discovery and Daily Life

Skill: Elementary School
Time Required: Three to Four Class Periods


Standards Compliance
NCSS Strand 3
People, Places, and Environments
NCSS Strand 8
Science, Technology, and Society
NCSS Strand 9
Global Connections
NCTE Standard 3
Students apply a wide range of strategies to comprehend, interpret, evaluate, and appreciate texts.
NCTE Standard 7
Students conduct research by generating ideas, questions, and problems. They gather, evaluate, and synthesize data.
NCTE Standard 12
Students use spoken, written, and visual language to accomplish their own purposes.
ISTE Standard 2
Social, ethical, and human issues
ISTE Standard 5
Technology research tools

Introduction:

In 1992, the year that Bill Clinton was elected President of the United States, an international conference called the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development was held in Rio de Janeiro. Popularly called the Earth Summit, or the Rio Summit, the conference was a gathering place for scientists and other people interested in Planet Earth.  One of those was Jacques Cousteau, whose ocean explorations aboard the Calypso had been made famous by the televised programs that showcased his work.

Objectives:

Students who participate in this lesson will gain knowledge about Jacques Cousteau, about the oceans and seas of the world, and about efforts to conserve and protect the valuable and often precarious balance among the earth's eco-systems.

Materials Required:

Access to the Internet.  Access to print materials about oceans and seas, and about Jacques Cousteau and the Calypso.

Procedures:

1.  Introduce students to Jacques Cousteau and his work, in part through the web sites listed below, but also with books and/or videos of his work on the Calypso.

2.  Ask students to research aspects of Cousteau's life, including his invention of the aqua lung, and the meaning of the acronym, SCUBA. 

3.  When students have a good command of Cousteau's life and work, ask them to find information on the world's oceans and on some of the problems associated with oceans and seas.  Useful websites for this research are "Facts About the Ocean," "The Rio Summit: Oceans and Seas," and "Polar Bear Research Shows Global Warming is Real" (below).

4.  Divide students into small groups and ask each group to make a poster illustrating something about the ocean--a characteristic or a looming problem.

5.  Ask students to discuss the "Ten Challenges" for environmental health, and have each student write a short paper on what he or she can do to help protect the environment.

Extending the Lesson:

This lesson can be extended with more emphasis on environmental issues, or by extending work on global warming, or on animals, fish, and plants in the oceans of the world.

Sources & Resources:

Websites:

The Life of Jaques Cousteau

About Jacques Cousteau

Jacques Cousteau and the Calypso

The Meaning of SCUBA

Facts About the Ocean

Rio Earth Summit: Oceans and Seas

Polar Bear Research Shows Global Warming is Real

Ten Challenges

 

Credits:

This lesson was developed by Averil McClelland, Kent State University.