1. Introduce the activity using the introductory information as well as asking students to recall any medical treatment they or family members have had in the past.
2. Ask students what it would have been like to have those particular illnesses or injuries during the 1920’s.
3. Next, have students research medical advances since 1920—remind them that practically none of the medical care today would have been available to them if they lived in the 1920’s. And none of this was available to soldiers wounded in battle—resulting in a much higher mortality rate.
4. “What would you do with the 1920’s wounded?” Create (the teacher or students) real-life scenarios or problems placed in the setting of 1920’s that will allow students to apply the information from the research in # 3 and think creatively to solve the problem. For example:
The date is 1921 and you (the student) have just been notified that your friend is wounded from a hiking accident. Aid is on the way but in the mean time, you must find a way to secure a broken wrist and/or stabilize an abdominal injury.(There is the option to place students into groups or allow them to work individually.)
5. Have students type the problem-based scenario and the solution to the problem in a one to two page paper. Pictures of instruments or materials used could be added to the paper.
- War, surgery, and medicine during the First World War:
- Medicine and wartime:
This lesson was developed by Marian Maxfield, Kent State University