1. Divide students into several smaller groups. Ask each group to make a list of everything they know about the history of their own community. Ask groups to share their lists, and to assess where there are “holes” in their knowledge. Assign students to research missing information.
2. Using the website, “Architectural Styles of America” (see below) as a starting point, ask students to spend some time looking at the types of architecture in their own town. One possibility would be for students to take pictures (ideally, digital) of interesting buildings, both residential and commercial. When they have done so, ask students to answer the following questions:
- What do the older buildings look like? Why do you think they are designed in the way they are?
- What about the newer ones? Are there many differences in architectural style? Why might that be?
3. Then, have students study some of the building codes of their community, perhaps inviting someone from the city building or zoning department (commissions) to talk with students on this subject, including a discussion of changes in these restrictions over time and the reasons for those changes.
4. Ask students to discuss the regulations, particularly with respect to the following:
- Why do local governments impose guidelines?
- What kinds of limitations on ingenuity or creativity do the restrictions impose?
- Do students think current restrictive practices are reasonable and just? If not, why not?
5. Finally, ask students to develop their own set of local architectural guidelines for their community. In either a paper or a presentation, students should explain:
- How (or if) their community should regulate architectural styles
- How (or if) the city should regulate such plans as street width, land use for parks, lighting
- What criteria (if any) the city should use to balance residential, commercial, and public space
- In what ways (if any) their guidelines demonstrate the way of life of their community
Architectural Styles of America
This lesson plan was developed by Averil McClelland, Kent State University, using some adaptations from a lesson on Frank Lloyd Wright designed by Betsy Hedberg, and called "Architecture for the Masses"
Architecture for the Masses