1. This lesson can be done by small groups or by each individual student contributing to the whole at the discretion of the teacher.
2. Using actual census data, develop a graph showing the growth in the slave and free black population from 1790 to 1860.
3. Answer the following question: What are the differences in the ways in which black populations were categorized and counted by the census?
4. Using a map of the states in the Union in 1860, show the relative distribution by state of slaves and free blacks.
Historical Census Data
Blank Map of U.S., Circa 1861
This lesson was developed by Averil McClelland and adapted by Bette Brooks.