1. Students will build a model of a submarine that is able to dive and surface by using everyday items.
2. Students will draw accurate conclusions on the function of submarine.
1. The teacher will begin a discussion by asking the students how a submarine operates. After a the students share their ideas the teacher will inform them that they are going to build a model submarine and place it in water in order to determine how it operates.
2. The students will then split into groups and each group will build their submarine out of common household items. This lesson has a direction sheet that accompanies it and includes the materials list. There is also a PowerPoint presentation that may be displayed on a larger screen such as a smart board if that is a more convenient way for the teacher and class.
3. As the students test their submarine in a large tub of water, they will write their observations in their science journal. They will then complete the questions that accompany the lesson on the assignment sheet, or the PowerPoint.
Boothroyd, Jennifer. Robert Fulton: A Life of Innovation. Lerner Publications, 2007.
Bowen, Andy Russell. A Head Full of Notions. Carolrhoda Publications, 1997.
Build a Submarine Simulations
Robert Fulton and Napoleon Bonaparte
Exhibits and Treasures at the Library of Congress
This lesson was developed by Mary Bellis, at About.com, and adapted by Robert McClelland of the Cleveland Metropolitan School District.